Skip to main content

All Access Subscription

Get unlimited access to our full publication and article library.

Get Access Now

Interested in Group Sales? Learn more

Are internal defibrillators and pacemakers biofixtures, like artificial hearts, that should not be deactivated when a patient is dying? Or are they like any other external device — for example, supplemental oxygen — that are protective of life but employed at the discretion of the user?

When should you deactivate implanted cardiac devices?