Survey examines teaching techniques

To assess whether nurses practice teaching techniques to improve patient comprehension, they were asked how often they use these techniques —"never," "rarely," "occasionally," "most of the time," and "always." Following is their responses:

• Nurses answering the survey used simple language 97.3% of the time.

• Nurses assessed knowledge prior to teaching 88.4% of the time.

• Nurses presented lessons in one or two concepts 71.5% of the time.

• Nurses spoke slowly 69.5% of the time.

• Nurses read instructions aloud 66.3% of the time.

• Nurses handed out print materials 63.6% of the time.

• Nurses included family member in teaching session 60.3% of the time.

• Nurses asked the patient or family member to repeat the information or return demonstrate 57.7% of the time.

• Nurses followed-up to confirm understanding in subsequent shifts 55.2% of the time.

• Nurses asked how the patient will follow instructions at home 51% of the time.

• Nurses wrote out the instructions 51.4% of the time.

• Nurses underlined key points in handouts 46% of the time.

• Nurses referred patients to an educator or class 33.2% of the time.

Source

• Lorene Payne, EdD, MSN, RN, CNE, Senior Nursing Instructor, Nursing Professional Development, MD Anderson Cancer Center Houston, TX.