The CDC assisted state and local health departments in the investigation of the following infection outbreaks stemming from drug diversion activities that involved healthcare providers who tampered with injectable drugs. (For more information, please visit: 1.usa.gov/1RJhjjs.)

1985: There were 3 cases of Pseudomonas pickettii bacteremia associated with a pharmacy technician at a Wisconsin hospital.

1992: There were 45 cases of HCV infection associated with a surgical technician at a Texas ambulatory surgical center.

1999: There were 26 cases of Serratia marcescens bacteremia associated with a respiratory therapist at a Pennsylvania hospital.

2004: There were 16 cases of HCV infection associated with a certified-registered nurse anesthetist at a Texas hospital.

2006: There were 9 cases of Achromobacter xylosoxidans bacteremia associated with a nurse at an Illinois hospital.

2008: There were 5 cases of HCV infection associated with a radiology technician at a Florida hospital.

2009: There were 18 cases of HCV infection associated with a surgical technician at a Colorado hospital.

2011: There were 25 cases of gram-negative bacteremia associated with a nurse at a Minnesota hospital.

2012: There were 45 cases of HCV infection associated with a radiology technician at hospitals in New Hampshire, Kansas, and Maryland.

2016: A surgical tech charged with drug diversion in an Englewood, CO hospital leads to testing of thousands of patients in several other states where he previously worked.