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Pediatric patients present to the emergency department (ED) with a variety of issues ranging from benign upper respiratory infections to life-threatening anaphylaxis. Many emergent conditions may mimic the common and nonthreatening ailments of normal childhood. Emergency physicians must be able to recognize and treat uncommon but emergent illnesses quickly and accurately. In addition, providers must be aware of those illnesses that look serious but warrant only supportive care. This article will focus on the assessment, evaluation, differential, and treatment of uncommon but can’t-miss diagnoses that clinicians should consider in the emergency setting.
Financial Disclosure: To reveal any potential bias in this publication, and in accordance with Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education guidelines, we disclose that Dr. Dietrich (editor), Dr. Skrainka (CME question reviewer), Dr. Caglar (author), Dr. Cico (author), Dr. Werner (peer reviewer), Ms. Wurster (nurse reviewer), Ms. Coplin (editorial group manager), Ms. Roberts (associate editor), and Ms. Mark (executive editor) report no relationships with companies related to the field of study covered by this CME activity.