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<p><span style="color: rgb(65, 65, 65); letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: left; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; display: inline !important; float: none;">Over five decades, the authors of a meta-analysis discovered guidelines represented a small percentage of total retractions (0.3%). Scientific misconduct (including data fabrication, plagiarism, and duplication) was found in 62.3% of retracted studies. The number of retractions and misconducts increased from 1980 to 2014, but declined after 2015. The median time from publication to retraction significantly decreased over the study period.</span> </p>

Too Many Scientific Articles End Up Retracted