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Although diabetes mellitus is second only to asthma as the most prevalent chronic disease of childhood, the literature has very few comprehensive reviews of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), the most frequent cause of death in children with diabetes. The importance of an early diagnosis and appropriate management should not be underestimated. The authors provide a focused review for the ED physician for recognition and management of a child with DKA, with special attention to potentially serious complications.

The Recognition and Management of Diabetic Ketoacidosis in Children