Prevention and Treatment of Pressure Ulcers May and June 1997I. Prevalence/Incidence

II. Pressure Ulcer Risk Assessment Tools

A. Types

B. Scoring Guidelines

C. Actions to take according to protocol

III Risk Indicators for Skin Breakdown

A. Pressure

B. Friction and shear

C. Nutritional status

D. Moisture

E. Immobility

F. Sensory perception

IV. Pressure Ulcers

A. AHCPR Guidelines

B. Wound Classification

1. Partial thickness vs. full thickness

2. Assessment and staging of a wound

V. Phases of Wounding and Healing

A. Inflammatory phase

B. Proliferation phase

C. Maturation phase

VI. Principles of Wound Management

A. Debridement

B. Wound cleansing

C. Preserve periwound skin

D. Protect granulation

E. Prevent or eradicate infection

F. Promote healing

G. Obliterate dead space

H. Provide patient comfort

VII. Choosing the Right Dressing

A. Thin films

B. Hydrocolloids

C. Hydrogels

D. Alginates

E. Gauze dressings

F. Foam dressings

G. Skin barriers

H. Wound pouches

I. Closed suction technique

VIII. Expected Patient Outcomes of Effective Wound Management