Guiding Principles for Diabetes Care

o Principle 1: Screening high-profile people and diagnosing diabetes

One third of people with diabetes remain undiagnosed. Finding and treating diabetes early can improve health outcomes for people with diabetes. Therefore routine screening and correct diagnosis are essential.

o Principle 2: Ongoing care

People with diabetes should always receive high quality care on an ongoing basis to ensure that they are taking good care of their diabetes and to make changes in their treatment plans when needed to achieve control of the disease.

o Principle 3: Diabetes education

People with diabetes and their family members have the right to accurate information and education needed for diabetes self-care.

o Principle 4: Treating hyperglycemia

Blood glucose levels should be kept as near to normal levels as is safely possible. The target range should be based on an overall assessment of the person’s health.

o Principle 5: Self-monitoring of blood glucose control and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c)

Blood glucose levels and hemoglobin A1c values should be measured on a routine basis using current, reliable methods.

o Principle 6: Preventing and diagnosing long-term diabetes problems

Excellent diabetes care can greatly lower the chances of developing long-term diabetes problems.

o Principle 7: Screening for and treating long-term diabetes problems

People with diabetes should have regular exams to help find and treat long-term diabetes problems. All long-term diabetes problems have effective treatments.

The full text can be downloaded from the National Diabetes Education Program Web site at http: //www.ndep.nih.gov. Or copies can be ordered from the National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse at (800) 438-5383.