Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) is a common form of generalized epilepsy. Although the prognosis of JME is not clear, it is assumed to have a good response to treatment. The authors of this meta-analysis found a higher than expected prevalence of refractoriness in JME, which will affect how neurologists counsel patients with JME.
These investigators found that adding witness-reported observations to patient demographics and patient-reported symptoms improved the diagnostic accuracy between epilepsy, syncope, and psychogenic nonepileptic seizures.
In an analysis of insurance claims for 1.8 million U.S. children with 2,950 recorded seizures, researchers found that the risk of hospitalization for seizures was 24% lower in rotavirus-vaccinated children.
In a review of 377 magnetoencephalography (MEG) studies in epilepsy patients undergoing presurgical workup, 44 patients were found to have one or more seizures during routine recordings, lasting up to a mean of 51.2 minutes. Ictal MEG provided unique localizing data in about one-third of patients. For patients with frequent seizures or reliably induced seizures, MEG may be a useful supplemental tool for medically refractory epilepsy patients undergoing presurgical evaluation.
Understanding the potential reactions that can occur from cannabis and synthetic cannabinoids can help emergency physicians recognize these effects in patients who may present to the emergency department.
In this double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, the authors investigated the efficacy of adjunctive cannabidiol in a population of severe developmental epileptic encephalopathies and found some efficacy.
Following traumatic brain injury, early (first five days after injury) epileptiform abnormalities on EEG were seen more commonly in patients with subsequent post-traumatic epilepsy (PTE), compared to controls, and were found to be a significant and independent predictor of PTE. The presence of subdural hemorrhage was the only other independent predictor of PTE.