Acute exacerbations frequently prompt patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease to present to the emergency department, so it is crucial for emergency physicians to understand how to assess and treat these patients effectively.
This article will focus primarily on the important aspects of acute decompensated heart failure in the emergency setting. The authors will include a brief synopsis of noncardiogenic pulmonary edema to highlight key principles in the diagnosis and management.
Ultrasound has emerged as a critical tool for use at the bedside to guide both diagnosis and treatment strategies. In this article, the authors discuss cardiac arrest, congenital abnormalities, pneumothorax, pleural effusion, and pneumonia.
The recognition and treatment of high altitude illness is within the core content of emergency medicine practice. High altitude illness represents a spectrum of clinical entities, ranging from common and benign acute mountain sickness to life-threatening high altitude pulmonary edema and rare but potentially lethal high altitude cerebral edema.
Chest pain is one of the most common reasons that patients present to the emergency department. The underlying disease processes can range from benign to life-threatening. The purpose of this article is to discuss the diagnosis, treatment, and management of the common causes of chest pain that can present in a young adult.
A recent review of clinical features of patients with syncope found that pulmonary embolism may be one of the most common causes, and thus should be considered by all physicians who are evaluating such patients.
Over the past decade, this definition of COPD has changed dramatically, as has the characterization and treatment of individuals with COPD. Multiple new therapies alter the course of this disease, reduce exacerbations, improve quality of life, and increase survival; previous nihilistic approaches to the management of COPD have been replaced by directed and effective pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic therapies. This update will review current approaches to the diagnosis and management of COPD and present the most recent evidence for the classification of COPD phenotypes and the implications of these categories for COPD treatment and prognosis.