Vaccination in adults remains one of the most important means of preventing disease in vulnerable populations. Certain vaccines, such as influenza, tetanus/diphtheria/pertussis, and the new COVID-19 vaccine are recommended for all adults, while others are recommended in subsets of adults depending on age, comorbidities, and certain risk factors.
This large, observational study of U.S. adults aged older than 50 years found that volunteering ≥ 100 hours yearly is associated with a reduced risk of mortality and several favorable psychosocial outcomes when compared with peers reporting 0 volunteer hours yearly.
Although COVID-19 certainly has caused some infections and deaths in children, they generally have fared well against the virus compared to other age groups. Influenza, on the other hand, can cause severe disease in children.
The authors of this meta-analysis of 46 multinational randomized, controlled trials exploring the association between long-term exercise training and risk of serious outcomes in adults older than 60 years of age noted a statistically significant reduction in risk for some fall-related outcomes depending on the frequency and intensity of exercise training.