In this retrospective cohort study of 147,895 singleton births, epidural anesthesia was used in 74.2% of cases and the hazard ratio for the subsequent diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders was 1.37 (95% confidence interval, 1.23-1.53).
When the COVID-19 pandemic forced schools to close, children with developmental delays and intellectual disabilities lost a structured environment. This has led to growing frustration and burnout among children, parents, and other caregivers.
A growing number of pediatric emergency departments have made environmental changes, and staff members are learning how to better engage and communicate with patients diagnosed with autism or other sensory sensitivities.
Researchers found an improvement in socialization in children with autism and a decrease in acrophobic (fear of heights) symptoms in adults in two distinct studies using different forms of virtual reality and digital applications.
A very large cohort study over 11 years failed to find an association between autism risk and maternal influenza infection or influenza vaccination during pregnancy. A low risk of autism was associated on initial analysis with first-trimester vaccination, but adjusting statistically for the multiplicity of hypotheses tested in the study showed that this association could be due to chance (P = 0.10).
Selected treatments for autism spectrum disorder are reviewed and placed into one of four categories (ranging from recommend to avoid) with a goal of creating a practical blueprint for the medical practitioner.