In a series of studies in gnotobiotic animals and malnourished children, incomplete recovery from malnutrition is associated with immature gut microbiota, and complementary foods directed to enhance microbiotal maturity improved recovery from malnutrition.
There are some signs of progress in drug-resistant infections in pediatrics, suggesting that antibiotic stewardship efforts may be having an effect and fewer broad-spectrum agents are being used on this important patient group, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports.
Data analysis from The Environmental Determinants of Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY) study, to evaluate risk of celiac autoimmunity and celiac disease in children who screened positive for at-risk human leukocyte antigen genotypes, demonstrated increased risk for both outcomes in genetically predisposed children correlating with increasing quantities of daily gluten intake during the first five years of life.
The 2019-2020 flu season is already among us, and it is imperative that those healthcare practitioners on the frontline, particularly in our nation’s emergency departments, have current knowledge of prevention and treatment strategies.
Testing for streptococcal pharyngitis in children younger than 3 years of age is rarely helpful and results in unnecessary costs. Quality improvement efforts can be effective in systematically reducing non-indicated testing.
Public health officials are underscoring the tragedy of severe influenza infections and deaths in children, adding a palpable sense of urgency for immunization in an era when some parents are suspicious of vaccine efficacy and safety.