Transplacental antibodies against Plasmodium falciparum Schizont Egress Antigen-1 may protect infants from severe malarial infection during the first year of life. This new knowledge about these antibodies potentially can inform vaccine development.
Coinfection with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in children with influenza is associated with high fatality. Data support the addition of a second anti-MRSA antibiotic to vancomycin in severely ill children.
Infants with severe bronchiolitis sometimes develop subsequent recurrent wheeze and asthma. Among infants hospitalized with bronchiolitis, the risk of developing asthma is greatest in those with rhinovirus C infection, especially if they also are sensitized with IgE against foods.