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Articles Tagged With: cognitive

  • Dementia Update

    Dementia is a common and growing problem that is associated with significant caregiver burden and immense cost. A growing focus on disease prevention and management of risk factors in mid-life is vital to attempt to mitigate the daunting impact of this illness on patients, caregivers, and the healthcare system as a whole.

  • Effects of Probiotics on Cognition and Fall Risk in Patients With Cirrhosis

    Patients with cirrhosis and mild cognitive impairment and falls were randomized to a probiotic formulation vs. placebo. Probiotic treatment improved cognitive outcomes and reduced the risk of falls.

  • Effects of Probiotics on Cognition and Fall Risk in Patients With Cirrhosis

    Patients with cirrhosis and mild cognitive impairment and falls were randomized to a probiotic formulation vs. placebo. Probiotic treatment improved cognitive outcomes and reduced the risk of falls.

  • Sports-Related Concussion

    Concussion is now known to be a significant public health issue, with high rates of emergency department visits and hospitalizations. Much of the current concern surrounding concussions revolves around recognition, early diagnosis, treatment modalities, return-to-play, and prevention of recurrent concussions.

  • The Capacity Conundrum in Emergency Medicine

    A patient’s capacity to give informed consent or to leave the emergency department against medical advice is a topic of great relevance to emergency clinicians. This article discusses the difference between competence and capacity and highlights the four essential elements involved in the assessment of a patient’s capacity.

  • Amyloid, Tau, Neurodegeneration Diagnostic Framework to Predict Memory Decline Before the Onset of Dementia

    In a population-based longitudinal study of older individuals without dementia, the inclusion of imaging biomarkers for amyloid, tau, and neurodegeneration modestly improved the ability to predict memory decline compared to a model that only used clinical data and APOE genotype.

  • Cognitive-Motor Dissociation in Patients Admitted to ICUs After Acute Brain Injuries

    In a large, prospective, single-center study, more than one in six patients with acute brain injuries may have cognitive-motor dissociation (CMD) (e.g., they harbor capacity to modulate their brain activity in response to motor commands while remaining behaviorally unresponsive at the bedside). Some acute CMD patients were found to have a much higher chance for recovery of neurological functions and for reaching independent levels of activities of daily living by 12 months after brain injury.

  • Mind-Body Techniques May Enhance Cognitive Fitness in Older Adults

    A meta-analysis regarding mind-body techniques and cognitive fitness in older adults points to enhanced cognitive performance associated with mind-body interventions in older persons — especially those without preexisting cognitive decline.

  • Eating Blue for Your Gray Matter: A Review of Blueberries and Cognitive Function

    Healthy older adults, as well as those with subjective cognitive impairment or meeting criteria for mild cognitive impairment, could consider including blueberries as part of a Mediterranean-like diet to help reduce the risk of cognitive decline.

  • Making Sense of Delirium in the Emergency Department

    Delirium is a complex disorder marked by the acute onset of mental status change with an associated fluctuating course. Despite the fact that delirium is a common clinical entity in elderly hospitalized patients, the condition may present in any patient regardless of medical comorbidities. Recognition within the emergency setting is becoming increasingly important, as the diagnosis frequently is missed.