Chronic subdural hematoma is a common cause of serious neurological morbidity and mortality in the elderly population. Atorvastatin has both an anti-inflammatory effect and the ability to mobilize endothelial progenitor cells, which assist in vascular repair. The investigators proposed that adding a low dose of dexamethasone to atorvastatin treatment might enhance the anti-inflammatory benefits without causing the side effects associated with high doses of corticosteroids.
Accumulating evidence suggests that immune dysregulation by glioblastoma cells induces tumor-associated edema and that disruption of this tumor-immune interaction may represent a novel strategy to reduce cerebral edema in glioblastoma.
In the United States, first-line treatment for chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) is intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG). Authors of this retrospective survey from Europe found that corticosteroid treatment had similar efficacy as IVIG and should be considered as first-line therapy for CIDP.