New guideline recommendations indicate that the only unequivocal indications for screening and treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria are pregnancy and undergoing endoscopic urologic procedures associated with mucosal injury.
Infants with severe bronchiolitis sometimes develop subsequent recurrent wheeze and asthma. Among infants hospitalized with bronchiolitis, the risk of developing asthma is greatest in those with rhinovirus C infection, especially if they also are sensitized with IgE against foods.
In a randomized, controlled trial of adult patients with bone or joint infections, researchers found oral antibiotic therapy was noninferior to intravenous therapy based on treatment failure at one year.
Inappropriate antibiotic use for a child with a viral respiratory infection is not a “one and done” error. Children who receive antibiotics when diagnosed with a viral respiratory infection are more likely to seek care for viral infections subsequently and to receive inappropriate antibiotics again.
A retrospective cohort study from a single California hospital found the administration of probiotics to patients receiving antibiotics did not reduce the incidence of healthcare facility-onset Clostridioides difficile infection.