Genetic mutations that can modify post-translational proteins and their interactions may result in serious developmental disorders of the brain. Ufmylation is such a process, and mutations in the genes that regulate this process may have profound effects on the developing brain.
In a recently released study, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) researchers report that while 81% of patients diagnosed with gonorrhea were treated using dual therapy, nearly one in five were treated with a different regimen.
Approximately five years ago, a single gene mutation altered Zika virus, making it able to target neuronal progenitor cells and cause what we now know as congenital Zika syndrome with microcephaly and ocular abnormalities.
Sixteen patients with fatal influenza who underwent autopsy were studied. Thirteen patients (81%) had histopathologic evidence of hemophagocytosis. Five patients (36%) carried one of three heterozygous LYST or PRF1 mutations associated with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis and macrophage activation syndrome.