The management of pelvic trauma has evolved significantly in the last 20 years, with advances in devices and procedures. The key to success is having a team of physicians, including specialists in emergency medicine, interventional radiology, and surgery, who can work together to provide each patient the best outcome possible.
The term pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) describes a compilation of infections that arise from an ascending infection of the vagina or cervix to the upper genital tract, which is comprised of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. These infections include, either alone or in combination, tubo-ovarian abscess, salpingitis, endometritis, and peritonitis. This article provides an evidence-based review of diagnostic and treatment recommendations for PID.
Research analyzing trends in the nation’s emergency departments indicates low rates of HIV and syphilis screening among teens diagnosed with pelvic inflammatory disease, despite the high risk for such infections. Data also suggest low rates of adherence to national treatment guidelines.
Researchers at the University of California, San Francisco, have looked at the effect of providing healthy women with information about pelvic examinations, including a professional society’s strong recommendation against them.