In this cross-sectional national survey, the authors estimated that 23% of women aged 15 to 20 years had received a bimanual pelvic exam, of which half (54%) were deemed potentially unnecessary, and 19% of the population received a Pap test, of which 72% were potentially unnecessary.
Knowing the best way to counsel patients regarding the risks, benefits, and alternatives of performing an incontinence procedure at the time of reconstructive pelvic surgery for pelvic organ prolapse (POP) can be challenging.
The management of pelvic trauma has evolved significantly in the last 20 years, with advances in devices and procedures. The key to success is having a team of physicians, including specialists in emergency medicine, interventional radiology, and surgery, who can work together to provide each patient the best outcome possible.
The term pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) describes a compilation of infections that arise from an ascending infection of the vagina or cervix to the upper genital tract, which is comprised of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. These infections include, either alone or in combination, tubo-ovarian abscess, salpingitis, endometritis, and peritonitis. This article provides an evidence-based review of diagnostic and treatment recommendations for PID.