Ectopic pregnancy has significant health consequences and represents an important cause of morbidity and mortality for women of reproductive age. Making the diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy expeditiously is critical to reduce morbidity and mortality associated with the condition.
Investigators of this well-designed, randomized, controlled trial conclusively demonstrated that progesterone supplementation does not reduce the risk of early pregnancy loss in women who experience first trimester bleeding.
The Maternal Vitamin D for Infant Growth (MDIG) trial was conducted in Bangladesh to further understand whether prenatal vitamin D with or without postpartum supplementation affects infant growth or other maternal, newborn, and infant outcomes.
In this cost-effectiveness analysis using Markov modeling, investigators found that universal antenatal screening for hepatitis C was cost-effective, with a mean incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of approximately $3,000 per quality-adjusted life years gained compared to risk-based screening.
Scientists at Brigham and Women’s Hospital have published early results of an investigative blood test designed to predict which women may be at increased risk and which ones may be at lower-than-average risk for spontaneous preterm delivery. The researchers have identified circulating microparticle proteins found in blood samples taken in the first trimester of pregnancy that may provide clues about the risk of spontaneous preterm birth.
This secondary analysis of Effects of Aspirin in Gestation and Reproduction trial found that women with sufficient 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels (≥ 30 ng/mL) were more likely to become pregnant and have a live birth than women with insufficient concentrations of vitamin D.
In new research, investigators analyzed the risk of preterm birth among women with a previous poor pregnancy outcome. The results indicated that women had a higher chance of delivering before 32 weeks if their previous infant was born small for its gestational age. Those with a previous neonatal death were three times as likely to have a preterm birth subsequently, data indicated.
In a pooled analysis of prospective studies, researchers found an increased risk of breast cancer among parous women that persists for more than 20 years after childbirth. Breastfeeding did not modify this pattern.
In a just-published study, researchers used data from a nationwide survey to understand the relationships among intention about pregnancy, attitude toward a hypothetical pregnancy, and contraceptive use for women who are at risk for unintended pregnancy.