February 1, 2009
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Knee and ankle injuries are very common in pediatrics. Sports and recreational activities are frequent sources of injury, hence are sources of typical emergency department (ED) visits. Although sprains and contusions frequently occur, it is critical that the unique aspects of the pediatric skeleton and its associated vulnerability are considered. Imaging and treatment are focused on identification of fractures and associated injuries; correct immobilization and appropriate follow-up, based on the injury, are necessary to maximize the outcome for each injury.