In this multicenter study across 12 centers in the United States, a vacuum-induced intrauterine device successfully treated 94% of participants who experienced a postpartum hemorrhage with a median time of three minutes to control of bleeding.
In this retrospective cohort study between May 2007 and April 2016, women undergoing a trial of labor after cesarean (TOLAC) were analyzed to determine if pre-pregnancy or delivery obesity status made an impact on TOLAC success. Overall, maternal body mass index did not have a significant effect on TOLAC success rates.
In this prospective, cohort, pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (PKPD) dose-finding study by Ahmadzia and colleagues, 30 pregnant women (10 women in each study arm) received 5 mg/kg, 10 mg/kg, or 15 mg/kg doses of tranexamic acid for the prevention of postpartum hemorrhage. Advanced PKPD modeling demonstrated that 600 mg of tranexamic acid was the optimal dose to use in the prevention of postpartum hemorrhage.
This study evaluated the cost-effectiveness of extending the upper age limit of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination to age 30 to 45 years using two independent HPV microsimulation models and found that vaccinating in this age group was not cost-effective.
In this prospective cohort study of 461 women, there was no association between intrauterine device use and time to conception (hazard ratio, 1.25; 95% confidence interval, 0.99-1.58). However, past Mycoplasma genitalium infection was found to be associated with longer times to conception and lower conception rates by 12 months (68% vs. 80%, P = 0.02).
In this randomized, noninferiority trial among patients seeking emergency contraception after at least one episode of unprotected intercourse within five days of presentation, the levonorgestrel 52-mg intrauterine device (IUD) was noninferior to the copper T30A IUD at preventing pregnancy one month after IUD insertion. Adverse events between the two groups were similar.
In this quality improvement initiative study, patients undergoing scheduled gynecologic abdominal surgery via both minimally invasive and open routes were able to be discharged safely without a prescription of opioids without significant increases in postoperative calls about pain or the need for filling opioid prescriptions after discharge.