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Clinical Cardiology Alert – June 1, 2023

June 1, 2023

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  • Age and Sexual Dimorphism in Aortic Regurgitation

    Among patients with chronic, significant aortic regurgitation, women and older men without symptoms indicating the need for aortic valve replacement maintained smaller left ventricular volumes than young men and developed adverse clinical events at lower left ventricular volumes.

  • Cardiac MRI Predicts Outcomes in Aortic Regurgitation

    Cardiac MRI could be used to make management decisions when treating patients living with chronic, asymptomatic aortic regurgitation with preserved left ventricular function, especially when trying to predict severity and possibility of adverse outcomes.

  • Valve Replacement Risk and Lifetime Management of Aortic Valve Disease

    The authors of an analysis of more than 31,000 patients from the Society of Thoracic Surgeons’ database identified patients undergoing surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) after prior transcutaneous AVR (TAVR) or SAVR. SAVR after TAVR raised the risk of mortality vs. SAVR after SAVR.

  • Direct Oral Anticoagulants vs. Warfarin When Treating Renal Dysfunction

    A patient-level meta-analysis of five pivotal trials of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) vs. warfarin for patients with atrial fibrillation and creatinine clearance levels ranging from normal to 25 mL/min revealed standard-dose DOACs exhibit superior safety and efficacy compared to adjusted-dose warfarin and lower-dose DOACs.

  • Does Running Prevent Coronary Artery Disease?

    In this cross-sectional review of the Master Athlete Heart study, the authors found lifelong endurance sport participation was not associated with a more favorable coronary plaque composition vs. a healthy lifestyle. Lifelong endurance athletes exhibited more coronary plaques.