Neurology Alert – August 1, 2023
August 1, 2023
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In a long-term longitudinal study of people with type 1 diabetes, excessive brain atrophy and cognitive dysfunction were noted compared to healthy controls. The investigators calculated that type 1 diabetes resulted in six years of accelerated brain aging and brain atrophy that was separate and distinct from Alzheimer’s disease.
A Phase III double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized controlled trial suggests that early administration of DL-3-n-butylphthalide, when given adjunctively to thrombolysis or endovascular therapy, improves functional outcomes in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Statistically significant results of well-designed analyses are tantalizing, but confidence in the findings is tempered by a lack of generalizability, an unclear mechanism of action, and trial design irregularities.
Antidepressant medications have been widely used for treating a variety of chronic pain disorders but strong evidence to support their efficacy is lacking. Some patients may respond, but available data do not help us to determine which agents may be helpful in a specific type of chronic pain condition.
In a meta-analysis of several large treatment trials of patients with Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, and dementia with Lewy bodies, cholinesterase inhibitors demonstrated a small but statistically significant benefit in reducing psychotic symptoms.
Disease-Modifying Therapy After Natalizumab Discontinuation in Patients with Relapsing Multiple Sclerosis
In this retrospective cohort study, the investigators found that, when compared to fingolimod and dimethyl fumarate, ocrelizumab use was associated with significantly lower annualized relapse rate and treatment discontinuation. There were no significant differences in outcomes between fingolimod and dimethyl fumarate use. Ocrelizumab use was associated with a lower rate of disability accumulation when compared to fingolimod.