OB/GYN Clinical Alert – October 1, 2023
October 1, 2023
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In this systematic literature review of 54 studies, the median typical use Pearl Index failure rate was 1.63 (range 0.00 to 14.20) and the median perfect use Pearl Index failure rate was 0.97 (range 0.40 to 6.50).
The neonatal advantages of prenatal dexamethasone administration seem to increase with longer administration-to-birth intervals than previously believed in women at risk of preterm birth before 34 weeks of gestation.
Elderly women with a urinary tract infection had a higher median number of urinary leukocytes compared to uninfected controls, including those with asymptomatic bacteriuria. For 264 leukocytes/µL, the sensitivity and specificity of microscopy were 88%. Using the standard pyuria threshold of 10 leukocytes/µL gave a specificity of 36% and a sensitivity of 100%.
Colorado’s Senate Bill 190, signed in May 2023, declared the practice of “abortion reversal” to be unprofessional conduct, meaning that healthcare providers providing this treatment could face sanctions to their licensure. However, Colorado’s Medical Board subsequently issued a draft rule declaring “abortion reversal” as “generally accepted standard of practice” and, therefore, potentially acceptable. Clearly, confusion exists among state medical boards and legislatures, and, potentially, among healthcare providers. This commentary will review both the medical evidence regarding “abortion reversal” and the legal context so that providers can be better informed and communicate the best evidence to their patients.