April 1, 2009
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In 1969, a band called the fifth dimension popularized the refrain "Let the sun shine in," in a hit song from the Broadway musical Hair, though it is doubtful they were advocating for the increased cutaneous manufacture and dietary intake of vitamin D.
In the United States, approximately $23 billion are spent on multivitamins yearly. At least half of all Americans take some kind of supplement, the majority of which are multivitamin/minerals.
In patients with stable type 2 diabetes, a low-glycemic index diet for six months gave a modestly better reduction in HbA1c concentration compared to a high-cereal fiber diet. A high withdrawal rate raises questions about the practicality of adhering to the diet.
The NIH has identified a range of Challenge Areas that focus on specific knowledge gaps, scientific opportunities, new technologies, data generation, or research methods that would benefit from an influx of funds to quickly advance the area in significant ways. Each NIH institute, center, and office - including the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM) - has selected specific Challenge Topics within the broad Challenge Areas related to its mission.