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Internal Medicine Alert – September 15, 2020

September 15, 2020

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  • Diet Modification in Older Women with Fecal Incontinence

    This study highlights the need for everyone to inquire and start conversations about fecal incontinence symptoms with patients and empowers clinicians to discuss simple lifestyle modifications that may be of great benefit.

  • 2020 Updated LTBI Treatment Guidelines

    A committee recommended three rifamycin-based regimens and two alternate six- or nine-month isoniazid monotherapy regimens for latent tuberculosis infection treatment. They gave priority to shorter-course regimens with similar efficacy, higher rates of completion, and favorable tolerability compared with the former standard nine-month regimen of isoniazid.

  • Cilostazol Appears Effective for Long-Term Secondary Stroke Prevention

    More trials in Western countries should be initiated to assess the effects of cilostazol treatment on cognitive decline and functional outcomes, as well as on the progression of small vessel disease in the brain. Studies from Asia suggest it is a promising treatment, but it has not been studied sufficiently in clinical trials.

  • Preventing Recurrent Stroke or Death After Ischemic Stroke, TIAs

    The combination of ticagrelor and aspirin compared to aspirin alone was superior in reducing the risk of stroke or death within 30 days of an acute ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack.

  • Oliceridine Injection (Olinvyk)

    Oliceridine should be prescribed to adults to manage acute pain severe enough to require intravenous opioid analgesic and for whom alternative treatment has not worked.

  • What Kind of AV Block?

    The ECG in the figure was obtained from a young adult who presented to the emergency department with dizziness, a near syncopal episode, and chest discomfort. Does this ECG suggest AV block is the cause of his symptoms?