One of the more sweeping changes in the revised Common Rule is the single IRB policy. However, there will be exceptions to this requirement when the regulations become effective, and there has been some confusion about the difference between a single and a “common” IRB.
Parkinson’s disease and deep brain stimulation procedures sometimes used to treat it can alter personality, including key traits that make a person, in essence, who they are. While many patients and families report positive changes, there is a need to better identify exactly what personality characteristics may be affected and to what degree personality is altered.
Staff training that includes a thorough focus on each employee’s job description and expectations, along with staff engagement, can be crucial to improving an IRB office’s workflow and efficiency. Consistency also is key.
"Gain-of-function” research designed to make pathogens deadlier or more transmissible in order to develop treatments and countermeasures has been given a green light by the National Institutes of Health.