April 1, 2017
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Many emergency department (ED) visits for children are driven by parental fears of serious illness, including concerns that a child may have cancer. Some presenting symptoms are high-risk and require serious inquiry, while others are less concerning and may be managed by reassurance alone. Additionally, children with established cancer diagnoses may present to the ED with complications of their cancer, an unexpected recurrence after a period of remission, or issues related to treatment. The authors review the presentations for the most common pediatric cancers and the complications associated with pediatric cancers and their treatment.