September 1, 2021
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Malaria is present in all continents except Antarctica and has led to significant human illness and death. Children account for the majority of malaria deaths globally, making malaria a significant contributor to childhood mortality worldwide. Malaria is a mandatory consideration for children with fever who are returned travelers, since the disease process can lead to significant mortality and rapid clinical decline. The authors provide an update and current state of care for malaria in the pediatric population.