Critical Care Alert – October 1, 2016
October 1, 2016
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A summary of data supporting the use of noninvasive positive pressure ventilation and continuous positive airway pressure in the setting of acute hypoxic and hypercapnic respiratory failure.
Noninvasive Ventilation Delivered Via Helmet May Decrease Intubation Rates in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
In this single-center, randomized, clinical trial, among patients suffering from acute respiratory distress syndrome, the use of helmet noninvasive ventilation was associated with a reduction in intubation rates, ICU length of stay, and hospital and 90-day mortality.
In this large, retrospective cohort study, the use of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) as an initial mode of ventilation for patients with asthma exacerbation was common; those successfully treated with NIV experienced lower inpatient mortality and shorter lengths of stay, but were likely a carefully selected population.