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Contraceptive Technology Update – April 1, 2020

April 1, 2020

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  • Expanding Intrauterine Contraceptive Choices: Science Seeks Options

    The copper T 380A intrauterine device (IUD), developed almost 50 years ago, was introduced in the United States in 1988. It is an extremely effective form of birth control. Researchers are conducting a clinical trial comparing the device with a newer, smaller copper IUD not sold in the United States.

  • Drug Studied for Treatment of Fibroid-Associated Bleeding

    Elagolix, a gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist currently used in the treatment of endometriosis pain, is now being studied for treatment of uterine fibroids and heavy menstrual bleeding in women. The drug was approved by the FDA in July 2018 for the treatment of moderate to severe endometriosis pain.

  • Generic Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis Set to Debut

    Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), which consists of the anti-HIV drugs emtricitabine and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF/FTC, brand name Truvada), is recommended as a first-line resource in HIV prevention. A generic version of the drug combination is set to be released in 2020, which could expand access to PrEP in the United States.

  • Scientists Make Important Step Toward HIV Cure

    In two separate papers, scientists have documented how their efforts reversed HIV and simian immunodeficiency virus latency in two animal models. Findings indicated progress toward an HIV cure.

  • Research Reinforces Importance of Tailoring Hormone Therapy

    Data from research that examined the use of different oral and transdermal hormone therapy agents and their associations between heart fat accumulation and atherosclerosis progression indicated that in comparison to transdermal estradiol patch, oral conjugated equine estrogen appears to slow the adverse effects of increasing paracardial adipose tissue on the progression of atherosclerosis.

  • Testing Detects Hormone Changes Signaling Menopause

    Results of a new study established that levels of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) can predict when a woman’s final menstrual period will occur. By measuring AMH levels, clinicians have an indicator of how many eggs a woman has remaining. The results of the research were part of the scientific evidence presented to the FDA for the 2018 approval of MenoCheck, an assay kit used to determine menopausal status in women ages 42-62 years.

  • Ethics Curriculum Feasible for OB/GYN Faculty

    Much ethics education focuses on students and residents, but practicing physicians also need ethics expertise. An ethics and professional curriculum was piloted for faculty in obstetrics and gynecology.