TBI in a Nutshell

Possible cognitive consequences of TBI:

• short-term memory loss • long-term memory loss • slowed ability to process information • trouble concentrating or paying attention • difficulty keeping up with a conversation • difficulty finding the correct word • spatial disorientation • organizational problems/impaired judgment • inability to do more than one thing at a time

Possible physical consequences of TBI:

• seizures of all types • muscle spasticity • double vision, low vision, and blindness • loss of smell or taste • speech impairments such as slurred speech • headaches and migraines • fatigue, increased need for sleep • balance problems

Possible emotional consequences of TBI

• lack of initiative • increased anxiety • depression and mood swings • impulsive behavior • denial of deficits • agitation • egocentric behaviors, such as failure to see how actions affect others

Source: Brain Injury Association, 105 N. Alfred St., Alexandria, VA 22314. Telephone: (703) 236-6000 or (800) 444-6443. Web site: www.biauas.org.