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Young athletes with an inherited arrhythmia syndrome, such as long QT syndrome (LQTS) or hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), may undergo implantation of an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) if they are believed to be at high risk of sudden death. American College of Cardiology (ACC) guidelines have typically recommended that such individuals should be prohibited from vigorous sports. Yet for many young athletes, prohibition of participation in any competitive sport may be a life-altering event, followed by poor grades or depression.

Can Athletes with ICDs Participate in Competitive Sports?