First aid for injuries

According to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, employers may use the following criteria to determine if a response qualifies as "first aid only":

A. Using a nonprescription medication at nonprescription strength (for medications available in both prescription and nonprescription form, a recommendation by a physician or other licensed health care professional to use a nonprescription medication at prescription strength is considered medical treatment for record-keeping purposes).

B. Administering tetanus immunizations (other immunizations, such as hepatitis B vaccine or rabies vaccine, are considered medical treatment).

C. Cleaning, flushing, or soaking wounds on the surface of the skin.

D. Using wound coverings such as bandages, Band-Aids, gauze pads, etc.; or using butterfly bandages or Steri-Strips (other wound closing devices such as sutures, staples, etc. are considered medical treatment).

E. Using hot or cold therapy.

F. Using any nonrigid means of support, such as elastic bandages, wraps, nonrigid back belts, etc. (devices with rigid stays or other systems designed to immobilize parts of the body are considered medical treatment for record-keeping purposes).

G. Using temporary immobilization devices while transporting an accident victim (e.g., splints, slings, neck collars, back boards, etc.).

H. Drilling of a fingernail or toenail to relieve pressure, or draining fluid from a blister.

I. Using eye patches.

J. Removing foreign bodies from the eye using only irrigation or a cotton swab.

K. Removing splinters or foreign material from areas other than the eye by irrigation, tweezers, cotton swabs, or other simple means.

L. Using finger guards.

M. Using massages (physical therapy or chiropractic treatment are considered medical treatment for record-keeping purposes).

N. Drinking fluids for relief of heat stress.