In this comprehensive review of studies comparing treatments for cerebral cavernous malformations, there were no randomized or blinded outcome trials, and the most effective treatment remains uncertain.
In patients with gram-negative rod bacteremia, patients receiving seven days of antibiotics had similar 90-day mortality, readmission rates, and rates of recurrent bacteremia as patients receiving 14 days of antibiotic.
In this systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized, controlled trials comparing administration of corticosteroids with placebo or standard supportive care in sepsis, corticosteroids were associated with reduced 28-day mortality.
In the Protocolized Resuscitation in Sepsis Meta-Analysis (PRISM), 3,723 patients’ outcomes from the ProCESS, ARISE, and ProMISe randomized, controlled trials of early goal-directed therapy (EGDT) were evaluated. EGDT did not result in better outcomes than usual care and was associated with higher costs. The authors of a second study looked at outcomes of 49,331 patients with sepsis treated in New York from April 2014 to June 2016. More rapid completion of the three-hour sepsis bundle and antibiotic administration (but not rapid bolus administration of IV fluids) was associated with reduced in-hospital mortality.