Although the rate of hospital-onset MRSA bacteremia has decreased since 2012, the rate of decrease has slowed. The National Action Plan goal of a 50% reduction by 2012 compared to 2015 seems out of reach.
In a randomized, controlled trial of adult patients with bone or joint infections, researchers found oral antibiotic therapy was noninferior to intravenous therapy based on treatment failure at one year.
Inappropriate antibiotic use for a child with a viral respiratory infection is not a “one and done” error. Children who receive antibiotics when diagnosed with a viral respiratory infection are more likely to seek care for viral infections subsequently and to receive inappropriate antibiotics again.
A genomic and epidemiologic investigation of an outbreak at the National Institutes of Health Clinical Center determined that S. koreensis was an opportunistic human pathogen that persisted in a reservoir in the hospital plumbing.
In day care settings, the implementation of hand hygiene programs reduced respiratory illness, absenteeism, and antibiotic use in children 0 to 3 years of age. Using hand sanitizer was more effective than washing with soap and water.
Researchers are investigating a rapid test that not only checks for gonorrhea infection, but also signals if a particular strain is antibiotic-resistant. On another front, scientists report that one dose of a developmental oral antibiotic proves effective in treating uncomplicated genital infections caused by gonorrhea.
Since 2006, the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention has recommended the use of expedited partner therapy (EPT) for treatment of sexually transmitted infections such as gonorrhea and chlamydia, but the infection rate continues to climb.