FAT BURNER™ Label Information

January 1999; Volume 1: 15

"Zero calories"

"Whether you’re on a diet or simply need a refreshing beverage, FAT BURNER™ may be perfect for you."

"FAT BURNER™ contains hard-working diet and energy ingredients such as Chromium Picolinate and Ginseng."

Suggested Use

"In conjunction with a low-fat, well-balanced diet, consume as desired. Great before, during, and after workouts or activities to give you a boost of energy."

"With zero calories and no carbonation, FAT BURNER™ is the perfect refresher anytime."

"FAT BURNER™ beverages are available in a variety of great-tasting fruit flavors."

Ingredients

Water, natural and artificial flavors (glycerol ester of wood rosin, gum arabic), citric acid, FD&C Red #40, potassium sorbate, potassium benzoate, aspartame, stevia, ascorbic acid, Siberian ginseng, inositol, L-carnitine, guarana, vitamin A palmitate, chromium picolinate, vanadyl sulfate.

Supplement Facts

Amount per serving % daily value

Calories 0

Total fat 0

Total carbohydrate 0

Vit A 100 IU 2%

Vit C 0 mg 2%

Chromium 50 mcg 40%

Potassium 40 mg 1%

Inositol 14 mg

L-carnitine 10 mg

Vanadium 7 mcg

Herbal energy blend 67 mg

Siberian ginseng (Eleutherococcus senticosus) (root)

Guarana (Paullinia cupana) (seed)

Stevia (Stevia rebaudiana) (leaf)

(FAT BURNER™ is a trademark of Great American Nutrition™.)

Price: 1 bottle, 16.9 oz, $0.95

Analysis of Ingredients

Vitamin A, vitamin C, and potassium: these amounts are inconsequential. It’s hard to fathom how 0 mg of vitamin C can be 2% of the RDA.

Chromium: an essential nutrient that potentiates insulin action. Can improve glucose tolerance in some mild diabetics at doses of 150-200 mcg/d. Many diets supply less than 50 mcg/d. In adults, doses up to 200 mcg/d are safe. This is a safe and adequate dose of chromium, but there is no evidence that it facilitates weight loss.

Inositol: an essential growth factor at the cellular level. Average dietary intake is 1 g daily from fish, meat, and dairy (it is also synthesized by intestinal bacteria.) In rodents, deficiency can cause accumulation of hepatic or intestinal triglycerides. In female gerbils, prolonged deficiency of inositol leads to progressive weight loss. The amount of inositol in this supplement is inconsequentially small, and there is no evidence that inositol supplementation facilitates weight loss (in gerbils, the opposite is true).

Carnitine: a conditionally essential nutrient involved in lipid metabolism. Average intake in non-vegetarians is 100-300 mg day. The amount of carnitine in this supplement is inconsequential.

Vanadium: arguably an essential trace metal. Vanadium can affect iodine metabolism and thyroid function in animals. Average dietary intake is 15-30 mcg. It is toxic large doses, but safe up to 100 mcg. The amount of vanadium in this supplement is safe, but there is no evidence it facilitates weight loss. (Theoretically, it is possible it could help with weight control in someone with subclinical hypothyroidism).

Herbal Energy Blend

Siberian ginseng: a tonic herb, often used to treat conditions with fatigue as a component

Guarana: a caffeine-containing herb

Stevia: an herbal sweetener

If the total amount of these herbs is only 67 mg, little effect should be expected. Larger amounts of guarana can certainly cause caffeine effects, and even small amounts can affect those who are sensitive to caffeine.