In individuals without pre-existing cardiovascular disease, the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension diet plan and a diet consisting of fruits and vegetables, given over eight weeks, lowered biomarkers for cardiac strain and injury.
This article explores the existing evidence for using intermittent fasting as a strategy to promote weight loss. The evidence suggests that intermittent fasting worked as well as continuous energy restriction to achieve weight loss, but was not superior.
The gut microbial metabolite trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) is a predictor of coronary artery disease (CAD). Long-term changes in TMAO is a predictor of CAD and speaks to the benefits of a plant-based diet to prevent heart disease.
A prospective cohort study in the United Kingdom demonstrated that vegetarians have a 22% lower incidence of ischemic heart disease, but a 20% increased incidence of total stroke, mostly related to hemorrhagic stroke, when compared to meat eaters. No difference in ischemic stroke or acute myocardial infarction was found.
Investigators found consuming more processed meat, unprocessed red meat, or poultry (but not fish) was closely connected to a higher risk for incident cardiovascular disease. Meanwhile, consuming processed meat or unprocessed red meat (but neither fish or poultry) was strongly associated with a higher risk of all-cause mortality.