A prospective cohort study in the United Kingdom demonstrated that vegetarians have a 22% lower incidence of ischemic heart disease, but a 20% increased incidence of total stroke, mostly related to hemorrhagic stroke, when compared to meat eaters. No difference in ischemic stroke or acute myocardial infarction was found.
In a large Italian database-derived, case-control study of dietary and environmental factors, antecedent infections and diet appeared to influence the onset and course of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy. The diagnosis and treatment of this disorder remain a challenge.
In a meta-analysis of 42 studies, researchers found that subjects who reported following the Mediterranean diet closely had a 0.67 reduced risk of developing depressive symptoms compared with low adherence to this diet.
Lifestyle is a critical determinant of the common risk factors for cardiovascular disease (hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and smoking) that have been well-known to predict disease outcomes. Lifestyle medicine can be used in conjunction with traditional medications to provide the best care to patients. Clinicians need to act now to prevent being overwhelmed with the eventual increase in coronary artery disease following the obesity/diabetes epidemic.
Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain in community-dwelling people (average age of 60 years) found that a long-term, high-quality diet was associated with larger hippocampal volumes after an average interval of 11 years.