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Articles Tagged With: brain

  • Neuropathology and Dementia in Football Players With CTE

    The authors of a cross-sectional study involving analysis of data from the ongoing Understanding Neurologic Injury and Traumatic Encephalopathy (UNITE) study found that dementia is likely a result of neuropathologic changes associated with repetitive head injury as well as non-head trauma-associated vascular pathologic changes in patients with chronic traumatic encephalopathy.

  • Significance of Brain Microbleeds After Traumatic Brain Injury

    Traumatic microbleeds are common in patients with any severity of traumatic brain injury and may be a useful biomarker to predict clinical outcomes.

  • Sports-Related Concussion

    Media coverage of professional athletes experiencing irreversible damage after repeated brain trauma and of the underreported rates and risks of pediatric concussion have heightened awareness surrounding head injury in sports and recreation. Concussion is now known to be a significant public health issue, with high rates of emergency department visits and hospitalizations. Much of the current concern surrounding concussions revolves around recognition, early diagnosis, treatment modalities, return-to-play, and prevention of recurrent concussions.

  • Adiposity Is Related to Cerebrovascular and Brain Volumetry Outcomes

    In this prospective longitudinal study investigating the potential mechanistic link between adiposity and vascular cognitive impairment, anthropometric and metabolic hormone adiposity predictors were differentially associated with cerebrovascular and brain volumetry outcomes by sex in older individuals.

  • Organ Donation: Perspective for the Intensivist

    Organ donation and transplantation are important and lifesaving procedures.The complexities of management include determination of death, communication with families, pre-procurement optimization of potential donors, and bereavement support for families.

  • Sports-Related Concussion

    Concussion is now known to be a significant public health issue, with high rates of emergency department visits and hospitalizations. Much of the current concern surrounding concussions revolves around recognition, early diagnosis, treatment modalities, return-to-play, and prevention of recurrent concussions.

  • Cognitive-Motor Dissociation in Patients Admitted to ICUs After Acute Brain Injuries

    In a large, prospective, single-center study, more than one in six patients with acute brain injuries may have cognitive-motor dissociation (CMD) (e.g., they harbor capacity to modulate their brain activity in response to motor commands while remaining behaviorally unresponsive at the bedside). Some acute CMD patients were found to have a much higher chance for recovery of neurological functions and for reaching independent levels of activities of daily living by 12 months after brain injury.

  • Measurement of Brain Vital Signs in Concussed Athletes

    These investigators prospectively studied auditory event-related potentials (ERPs) in junior competitive male ice hockey players and identified a pattern of ERPs that distinguishes acutely concussed from non-concussed players, establishing this noninvasive, easy-to-administer test as a biomarker to assist trainers, coaches, and clinicians with making the diagnosis of concussion.

  • Stroke: The Subtle, Atypical, and Enigmatic

    This article will explore the subtle and enigmatic presentations of stroke. These patients often will present with nonspecific symptoms, such as vision problems, headache, a subtle language deficit, dizziness, or amnesia.

  • Are Women More Prone to Brain Injury Than Men When Playing Soccer?

    Repeated subconcussive injuries to the brain, such as “heading” the ball in soccer, result in more severe injury and slower recovery in women compared to men.