A patient’s capacity to give informed consent or to leave the emergency department against medical advice is a topic of great relevance to emergency clinicians. This article discusses the difference between competence and capacity and highlights the four essential elements involved in the assessment of a patient’s capacity.
Progressive aerobic exercise training appears to be a low-risk and effective intervention for improving cognitive function in community-dwelling adults with mild subcortical ischemic vascular cognitive impairment.
A study of people who received anesthesia for surgery after age 40 found no association between the anesthesia and development of mild cognitive impairment later in life. The study was conducted by the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, MN.